Daily Encouragement

Daily Encouragement

July 19 – Preparing for the Temple!

July 19
1 Chronicles 28:1-29:30
Romans 5:6-21
Psalm 15:1-5
Proverbs 19:18-19

1 Chronicles 28:2 – Notice that David was building a house for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, but not a house for the LORD. He was building a footstool for the LORD! This is the first use of the word footstool in the Bible, but Isaiah would emphasize this in Isaiah 66:1 – the entire earth is His footstool, and Solomon will recognize that it is impossible to build an house for the LORD (2 Chronicles 2:6)!

1 Chronicles 28:5 – Notice also that the LORD forgave his adulterous relationship with Bathsheba by blessing David thru his son Solomon. Yes there were painful consequences, but God alone works all things together for good (Romans 8:28).

1 Chronicles 28:8 – 73 times in the Bible it talks about keeping the Commandments. Especially as 200+ commandments apply to the Temple, this dedication of the preparation for the temple occurs near the middle of the Chronicler’s work, to remind those 500 years later that their temple that they built is part of God’s eternal covenant with David (1 Chronicles 28:4, 1 Chronicles 28:7-8).

1 Chronicles 28:12 – From Gill: The pattern was given (reiterated in 1 Chronicles 28:19) “By the Spirit of God, who gave him the whole form of the temple, and all things relative to it; just as God showed to Moses the pattern of the tabernacle in the mount; ” (Exodus 25:9, Exodus 25:40, Exodus 26:30, Exodus 27:8), because they were a copy of the heavenly sanctuary (Hebrews 8:5). 500 years later, the people the Chronicler were writing to had a rebuilt temple after the teaching of Moses (Ezra 3:2) – different in substance yet of the same pattern.

1 Chronicles 29:11 – From Scott LaGraff, an operatic performance of this verse:

Romans 5:6 – How great is Christ?

  • He died for the ungodly (Romans 5:6)
  • He died for sinners (Romans 5:8)
  • He died for enemies (Romans 5:10)
  • He saved us from wrath (Romans 5:9)
  • He gave us righteousness (Romans 5:17)
  • He offers all justification (Romans 5:18)
  • He makes grace reign (Romans 5:21)

The incurable, spreading disease of death was checked by the perfect obedience of Jesus (Romans 5:19). The One who could fully keep the Ten Commandments, and all the laws of the Torah. The Only One. The reign of sin has ended, the reign of grace has begun!

Psalm 15:1 – As we read in Chronicles about the temple, here we see the qualifications to abide in the temple!

  • Upright walk (Psalm 15:2)
  • Worketh righteousness (Psalm 15:2)
  • Speaks truth (Psalm 15:2)
  • No backbiting (Psalm 15:3)
  • No doing evil (Psalm 15:3)
  • No taking up a reproach (Psalm 15:3)
  • Not contemning the vile (Psalm 15:4)
  • Honoring God-fearers (Psalm 15:4)
  • Not breaking a vow (Psalm 15:4)
  • Not loaning at usury (Psalm 15:5)
  • Not taking bribes (Psalm 15:5)

As we’ve read in Romans and earlier in the Psalms – we can tell how many people meet these stringent requirements – none (Romans 3:23). Yet with the perfect obedience of Christ (Romans 5:19), we can!

Proverbs 19:18 – The way of transgressors is hard (Proverbs 13:15) – do what you can to get your son out of the hard way, even if he whines!

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Daily Encouragement

July 18 – How well did they guard the Temple Treasure?

July 18
1 Chronicles 26:12-27:34
Romans 4:13-5:5
Psalm 14:1-7
Proverbs 19:17

1 Chronicles 26:20 – Ahijah and others (Zetham and Joel 1 Chronicles 26:22, Shebuel 1 Chronicles 26:24, Shelomith 1 Chronicles 26:26) were appointed over the treasures of the house of God – those from David (1 Chronicles 26:26) and going back thru Saul to Samuel (1 Chronicles 26:28). What did those 500 years later think about the Treasures?

Yes David had dedicated silver and gold that Solomon placed in the finished Temple (1 Kings 7:51), but just five years after Solomon hands the crown to Rehoboam,

  1. the treasure is captured by Pharaoh Shishak (1 Kings 14:26). If they would have gone to the LORD first (Deuteronomy 20:1-4) they would not have had His house raided. Just a few decades later –
  2. Asa raids the gold and silver of the temple and pays off the Syrian King Ben-hadad (1 Kings 15:18). Four generations later –
  3. Jehoash does the same thing to a different Syrian King (Hazael, 2 Kings 12:18), and –
  4. Jehoash’s son Amaziah loses the treasure to the Northern Kingdom’s Jehoash (2 Kings 14:14). The treasures were given a few generations later by –
  5. Ahaz to the Assyrian Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 16:8), then by –
  6. Hezekiah to the Assyrian Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:15), then finally taken by
  7. Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 24:13) to Babylon

Interestingly even though the treasures are raided seven times – we see that there are vessels of gold that Solomon had made at the time of Nebuchadnezzar (400 years later). Ellicott is surprised as well – assuming there were secret store-chambers, but it is my assumption that the heavy mandatory taxes for the nation/temple were used regularly to rebuild the treasures, according to the descriptions made. Possibly similar to refurbishing state Capitols every 50 years or so, the Levites were continually refabricating the treasures dedicated into the House of the LORD (a continual reminder of the cost of not trusting the LORD!).

1 Chronicles 27:6 – The Chronicler is recording the exploits of the many faithful. Not just the head coach (David), but those in his “starting lineup” (Benaiah)

1 Chronicles 27:7 – But Asahel was slain by Abner (2 Samuel 2:23)? JFB Commentary suggests “This officer having been slain at the very beginning of David’s reign [2Sa 2:23], his name was probably given to this division in honor of his memory, and his son was invested with the command.”

1 Chronicles 27:24 – The Census Intrigue continues – apparently Joab also started to count those twenty and under. JFB notes:

The census which David ordered did not extend to all the Israelites; for to contemplate such an enumeration would have been to attempt an impossibility (Ge 28:14), and besides would have been a daring offense to God. The limitation to a certain age was what had probably quieted David’s conscience as to the lawfulness of the measure, while its expediency was strongly pressed upon his mind by the army arrangements he had in view.

1 Chronicles 27:34 – Wisconsin publishes a similar document – a Blue Book – that contains the biographies and lists of the Governor’s Cabinet, and major officials.

Romans 4:21 – What God promises, He will perform! We can stand on those promises!

Romans 4:24 – The righteousness that was imputed to Abraham can also be imputed to us if we believe in Jesus, taking us from the wrath (Romans 4:15) to peace (Romans 5:1).

Psalm 14:7 – Yes, David himself looked forward to the Salvation that would come, especially knowing that all have gone away, none seek the LORD (Psalm 14:2-3).

Proverbs 19:17 – A lender will look to see the ability of the lendee to repay – the poor have no cosigner but the LORD who will repay your deeds.

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Daily Encouragement

July 17 – Meet Asaph “officially”!

July 17
1 Chronicles 24:1-26:11
Romans 4:1-12
Psalm 13:1-6
Proverbs 19:15-16

1 Chronicles 24:2 – Nadab and Abihu are mentioned in Chronicles 3 times, the first mention since Numbers 26:61. Interestingly Korah is also found in the genealogies of 1 Chronicles 6:37 (Korah’s son Ebiasaph apparently did not join his father’s company’s (Numbers 16:16) or his tents (Numbers 16:24, Numbers 16:27), or his demise (Numbers 16:32)). Uzzah (1 Chronicles 13:10) joins Nadab and Korah among those directly slain by the LORD, recorded by the Chronicler as a warning.

1 Chronicles 25:1 – This is the first time we’ve met Asaph in the chronological books, but we’ve read a dozen of his other writings: Asaph is the attributed author of Psalm 50 and Psalms 73-83. The Chronicler is showing the connection between the descendants of Asaph that came to rebuild Jerusalem (Ezra 2:41, Ezra 3:10/Nehemiah 7:44, Nehemiah 11:22, Nehemiah 12:45) 500 years after they served in Solomon’s Temple.

1 Chronicles 25:7-8 – Cunning – Benson says: “All that were cunning — Who were so skilful that they were able to teach others.” God used the skill they had developled, and what people may call “luck” – but is actually a Biblically proscribed method (as provided for by the LORD Leviticus 16:8, Numbers 26:55, Numbers 33:54, Numbers 34:13, Joshua 13:6, Joshua 14:2, 1 Samuel 14:41, Proverbs 16:33, and lets not forget Jonah 1:7!) God expects our best, He wants our best, and He has long lists to show His orderliness (and several examples as we saw of people who were killed for breaking His order!).

Romans 4:2 – Surely if anyone could have been saved by works it was Father Abraham! God must have been impressed with his goodness to have rewarded him as a father of many nations (Genesis 17:5), especially as he was recognized for even his future acts (Genesis 18:19)? Keep in mind that Abraham disobeyed God’s first command to him (Genesis 12:1) – because he didn’t leave his father’s house – his father took him (Genesis 11:31). In addition the time he was rewarded wasn’t for any past actions but actions he hadn’t done yet (Genesis 18:19). No Abraham had nothing to glory – he believed God (Galatians 3:6, James 2:23). In fact, Paul will go on to show that he had not even been circumcised yet! (Romans 4:10-17).

Romans 4:7 – Paul quotes David in Psalm 32:1-2 outlining the case for imputed righteousness. God makes us righteous not because of our works but in spite of our works. That is a blessing that causes David to shout for joy (Psalm 32:11)!

Psalm 13:5 – David rejoices in God’s salvation. This is not because of his works but of the mercy of the LORD! And again we see David rejoicing verbally, this time in song (Psalm 13:6).

Proverbs 19:16 – There is a teaching going around that because God didn’t warn Adam and Eve specifically about the flames of hell as motivation for obedience, either a) God isn’t fair, or b) hell was invented in the Dark Ages as a motivation for obedience. This false dichotomy is most often taught by the Jehovah’s Witnesses and those who want to disconnect the Old Testament and the New Testament (similar to Jehovah’s Witnesses, they deny that the Jesus Christ of the New Testament is One with the God of the Old Testament), but many others have hopped on this train (see the comments in David Kowalski’s article). However God’s motive in not fully expositing the doctrine of hell in Genesis 1 is not to trick us when He should be selling mere “fire insurance” – our life as a follower of the LORD is greater than just avoiding hellfire. Throughout the Bible we have a choice between following the commands of the LORD and enjoying His fellowship and blessing, or disobeying and suffering death and judgment (Genesis 2:17 to Adam and Eve – the tree of life vs the tree of death, Deuteronomy 30:19 to the Israelites the choice between life and death, blessings and curses, in Daniel 12:2 the option of everlasting life or everlasting contempt, Matthew 25:46 the result of eternal life or eternal punishment and again here in Proverbs 19:16).

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Daily Encouragement

July 16 – The Contentious Woman is a Constant Dripping

July 16
1 Chronicles 22:1-23:32
Romans 3:9-31
Psalm 12:1-8
Proverbs 19:13-14

1 Chronicles 22:5 – Of all the mistakes that David made, he never gave God less than his best. Look at the inventory in 1 Chronicles 22:14.

1 Chronicles 23:30 – Just because this isn’t your job doesn’t mean you’re prohibited from doing this.

Romans 3:10 – Paul borrows from Psalm 14. From David’s time to Paul’s time the truth was universal, no one is righteous. The sins are numerous: deceit (Romans 3:13), cursing (Romans 3:14), murder (Romans 3:15) – but it is summarized in a lesson from Proverbs – needing the Fear of the LORD. David recognized this characteristic as essential (2 Samuel 23:3). If you need a refresher on how you are guilty, let’s go to the law.

Romans 3:22 – Notice the contrast – Romans 3:22 – righteousness on all who believe, vs. Romans 3:20 – No flesh shall be justified. Romans 3:23 all have sinned, while in Romans 3:24 all could be justified.

Psalm 12:7 – Paul talked yesterday about the Jews as the guardians of the law. God used them as part of His process to preserve His Word forever.

Proverbs 19:13 – Forever Be Sure wrote a song based on this verse. Enjoy! (By the way – my wife is a Proverbs 19:14 woman!)

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Daily Encouragement

July 15 – Whitewashed David? Where was the Temple?

July 15
1 Chronicles 19:1-21:30
Romans 2:25-3:8
Psalm 11:1-7
Proverbs 19:10-12

1 Chronicles 19:19 – Why were the servants of Hadarezer put to the worse? Because of 1 Chronicles 19:13 – the battle was given to the LORD.

1 Chronicles 20:1 – Did the phrase “at the time that kings go out to battle” jump out at you? That was the warning phrase that something bad happened in 2 Samuel, the David and Bathsheba incident. 2 Samuel 11:1 matches 1 Chronicles 20:1, but 1 Chronicles 20:2 jumps ahead to 2 Samuel 12:30. Why is David “whitewashed” by the Chronicler? From Dr. Mark Shipp:

Related to this program of restoration is the idealizing of two of Israel’s leaders, David and Solomon, and also the idealizing of temple worship and organization based in their initiatives. Unlike Samuel and Kings, which show Israel’s rulers “warts and all,” David and especially Solomon are depicted almost without flaws. I think the reason for this depiction, and the reason they begin the book (after a series of genealogies), is because they are the examples of true and righteous kingship and examples of what it means to “seek the Lord.” If Israel will be restored in the post-exilic age it will be because they seek the Lord in worship, devotion, and faithfulness as David and Solomon did.

…I think the main importance of Chronicles for us is that the author of Chronicles held out the belief that God was not done with the covenant with David yet. The author was the flag-bearer for messianism in the post-exilic age, that is, that God would one day restore a son of David to the throne. Christians know who that son of David was, and they know what righteous kingship looks like. Part of the reason for the expectation of a Messiah in the New Testament era is because the author of Chronicles “paved the way” by focusing on God’s faithfulness to his promises to David and by his call to Judeans in the post-exilic era to seek the Lord. We would do well to pay attention to those themes today.

1 Chronicles 21:7 – Why was God so angry with David for the census?  Deuteronomy 17:18 says that the King was to hand copy the entire law/Torah (Genesis – Deuteronomy). So David should have been very familiar with all of God’s commands in the Torah, all 613 of them. In Exodus 30:12 it was clearly stated that if you take a census, everyone had to pay a ransom to the LORD for his life to prevent a plague. The exact reasons are unclear even to commentators, but David should have known it was wrong to do it improperly. Similar to the carrying the Ark improperly cost Uzzah’s life (2 Samuel 6:7), and handling strange fire cost Nadab & Abihu’s life (Leviticus 10:2). Dexter Penwell notes:

Each person was to provide a half shekel silver coin of redemption (Exodus 30:12). In the Bible, silver represents blood. So those half shekel coins represented that each person being counted was redeemed by blood….(Exodus 30:12-16) states that if those redemption coins were not provided, then there would be a plague among the people. So, what happened was what was stated in Exodus. As a side note, the bases (sockets) for the boards of the holy place and the holy of holies were made from the original redemption coins.

1 Chronicles 21:30 – God used the sword of the angel to point David to the new spot for His House. No longer the altar at Gibeon, but the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. Dr. Leen Ritmeyer has a great post on the location of this sacrifice:

Jewish tradition maintains that David’s altar was built (c. 980 BC) on the same place that Abraham had erected his altar in preparation for the sacrifice of Isaac, before God intervened. Based on the relationship between Herod’s Temple and the Rock inside the Dome of the Rock, the altar would have been located just east of the Dome of the Chain, as depicted in this photograph: https://www.ritmeyer.com/2014/10/27/the-temple-mount-in-jerusalem-during-the-jebusite-period/

While some claim that this was not on the “Temple Mount” but rather on the “City of David,” Dr. Leen Ritmeyer refutes that argument proposed by Dr. Ernest Martin and repeated by Bob Cornuke.

Romans 3:5 – Paul is re-orienting our thinking – to understand God we must first admit He is righteous, and of consequence, more righteous than us. (Romans 3:4).

Psalm 11:4 – The Psalmist notes the temple – and we think of the building that David tried to build. Yet the LORD cannot be contained on earth, or in heaven! (1 Kings 8:27). Yet even though he transcends the earth – he beholds the children of men.

Proverbs 19:11 – There are many offences that we could point to and make a stink about, yet it is our glory to pass over a wrong that someone has done to us. If we can forgive an action (intentional or unintentional) we are not just “the bigger man” – we have glory!

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